Wednesday, May 29, 2019

Jewish Reactions to the Holocaust: A Learned Behavior Essay -- Essays

Jewish Reactions to the Holocaust A Learned BehaviorWhen thinking of Jewish persecution, images of Nazi Germany, concentration camps, and the Holocaust are nigh likely to be conjured. Although these images do represent the attempted destruction of the Jews, persecution actually began thousands of years earlier. The Holocaust, or Final Solution, which was the destruction of atomic number 63an Jews by the Nazis, was the culmination of attempts by other groups to eradicate Jews from their society.1 Reacting in many different ways to persecution, the Jewish sect has undergone years of harsh treatment, climaxing during the Holocaust. Jewish persecution did not begin in Europe with the onset of World War II rather, anti-Semitism had existed for the past several thousand years. The rise and eventual domination of Christianity resulted in the persecution of the Jews starting in fourth-century capital of Italy and lasting through the Middle Ages, when huge numbers of Jews were massacred duri ng Christian crusades.2 Also, during the Middle Ages, the Christian Church attempted to convert Jews to Christianity. This policy was put into affect in order to ensure that Christians were protected from the harmful consequences of intercourse with Jews by rigid laws against intermarriage, by prohibitions of discussions about religious issues, by laws against domicile in common abodesby burning the Talmud and by barring Jews from public office.3 The second anti-Jewish policy in history is known as expulsion, or the attempt by European countries to force the emigration of Jews during the thirteenth through sixteenth centuries. Jews were no longer being required to convert to Christianity because Christians then thought that Jews could not be changed, ... ... 13. Dawidowicz, 342-43. 14. Hilberg, 16. 15. Hilberg, 17. 16. Hilberg, 664. 17. Hilberg, 665. 18. Hilberg, 666-67. 19. Dawidowicz, 344. 20. Dawidowicz, 347. 21. Hilberg, 3-4. Bibliography- anti-Semitism Encarta Concise Encyclopedia. (26 October 1998). - Dawidowicz, Lucy S. The War Against The Jews 1933-1945. New York Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975. - Haines, Grove C. and Ross J. S. Hoffman, The Origins and Background of the Second World War. New York Oxford University Press, 1943. - Hilberg, Raul. The Destruction of the European Jews. New York Harper and Row, Publishers, 1961. - Rubenstein, Richard L. and John K. Roth. Approaches to Auschwitz. battle of Atlanta John Knox Press, 1987.

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